Album of Indian and Persian miniatures”, St. Petersburg, Muracco” is included in the register “memory of the world” by UNESCO. The diploma confirming this significant fact, the head of the Federal archival Agency, the Chairman of the Russian Committee of the UNESCO programme “memory of the world” Andrei Artizov gave Irina Popova, Director of the Institute of Oriental manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which houses the relic.
Album – a collection of 98 miniatures and specimens of calligraphy. In Persian “muraqqa” – “patched” that reflects the specific form of the organization of the book: skillfully written miniatures interspersed with calligraphic handwriting samples. Such albums were created in accordance with the tastes of the noble owners as a kind of gallery of painting and calligraphy, which in the East is also considered art. The uniqueness of the “St. Petersburg Muraki” that this album came to us in its original form. There are only two similar monument, comparable in scope and significance. In the late XIX – early XX centuries. albums-Muraki often razminirovanie traders because the antique market was more profitable to sell the leaves with the miniatures individually. Petersburg, the album was acquired in 1908 in Tehran for the Russian Emperor Nicholas II.
Program for the protection of the world documentary heritage memory of the world UNESCO established in 1992 It is designed to preserve the cultural heritage – artifacts, meetings, collections and funds that are the heritage of mankind, and at the same time make them accessible to a wide range of people. In the registry “Moracca” will take its rightful place next to the Gutenberg Bible and the writings of Copernicus, the track logs of Vasco da Gama and the diary of Anne Frank.
In Russia in the framework of this programme implements the national project “Memory of Russia” under the auspices of UNESCO. Today in the coveted list includes 13 manuscripts and collections of documents in libraries and archives in the country. Among them, the Ostromir gospel, Laurentian chronicle, a collection of maps of the Russian Empire of the XVIII century, the historical collection of Phonographic archive of St. Petersburg.