The Ministry of labor analyzed the experience of Russian regions to support foster families for the elderly and people with disabilities, according to “Izvestia”. According to authorities, a program to support such families operate in 43 regions of the country. They are most common in rural areas.
Most often the elderly and the disabled take custody of people who are not indifferent to others ‘ fate and wishing to brighten up their own loneliness. Does not remain aside and the state. Local authorities pay foster families social benefits. The size of payments in different regions is from 2,5 thousand to 8.3 thousand rubles. In some constituent entities of the Russian Federation provides co-financing of costs of guardians and their wards, these funds are used to cover household needs of the family.
Anastasia Petrovna Kuznetsova is now 88 years old. When she was 70 years old, the husband died, the son married and went to Moscow. She began progressing glaucoma, had started to degenerate. To run the household alone, she could not. At first the son took her to himself, but in the hostel it occasionally failed, and without it she could not receive a pension, and the family of his son was not very happy visually impaired elderly woman. And then he remembered the neighbour Nicholas from his village, who lived in the village of SIMA in Vladimir region.
At first Nicholas was asked to prescribe only the grandmother at home, so she could get a pension. But the son was brought to Baba Nastya and belongings and asked to leave it for the winter, promising to pick up in the summer. But in the end she still remained to live in a new family. Spouse Vlasov took her to the doctors, had the surgery that saved my grandmother vision one eye. Anastasia Petrovna lives in this family for 10 years. “Wow, I eightieth year daughter gave birth to themselves” – often jokes woman Anastasia.
Custody take not only distant relatives but also complete strangers. Wishing to take my family of a disabled or elderly person, needs to be tested for psychological compatibility and undergo month training course on care for older people. After this is a tripartite agreement between the social service Agency, foster family and the person who comes to live in it. Under this agreement, 75% of the pension of the ward goes to the General budget of the family. In order to take care of a person with a disability must be received in the district hospital the medical Advisory Board, confirms that the person cannot adequately care for themselves because of age or illness.
“In recent years, no such family is not broke – says the head of the Department of social protection Vladimir region Love Kukushkina, the only time the agreement was terminated when the ward relatives came and took him.”
In the Kaluga region is implementing several similar programs, depending on the degree of kinship foster family and her ward. Caretaker relatives adults found incompetent by a court, receive payments from the regional budget: non-working carers pay a 6 thousand working – 1,8 thousand rubles. But if in the family, take me, a stranger, the foster family receives a 3 thousand rubles per month.
In the Rostov region to become a guardian for elderly and disabled people can any adult legally capable citizen registered on the territory of the region. To take family up to 4 people. But first you have to pass a psychological test and examine living conditions. Guardians can monthly test employees of bodies of social protection. For every old man’s family pay 1.1 million rubles, while in rural areas pay 2.43 for the second ward and 486 RUB for later.
85-year-old Daria Silvestrovna Prikhodko lives on a farm Verkhneoblivskaya of Tatsinskiy district of Rostov region with the niece of her late husband, 60 year-old Tamara Galchenko. After retirement Daria Silvestrovna lived in the family of his nephew, but the relationship with relatives did not work out. “She insulted, beat, and Daria Silvestrovna came to me. Since living together, says Tamara Galchenko. – She did not have any sisters or brothers. Live somewhere else nephews – but who is who in our time of need?”
Tamara works as an operator in the local post office. She receives an allowance as guardian of Daria Silvestrovna. The amount is small, about 1.2 thousand rubles, but, according to Tamara, in our time, and it’s not bad. “The more the merrier, she says. – I came home from work, and I have someone to talk to. TV a TV, but a living person a living person. I’m sociable, I’m not bored”.
The Director of the charity Foundation “Starost V radost'”, the member of the Council on guardianship under the government of Elizabeth of Alesina believes that the promotion of foster families for disabled and elderly people is an important element of the system of long-term care for the elderly. “People’s minds are changing, they no longer want to move to boarding schools, in the chamber for a few people. People want to live at home until the end and receive the necessary assistance,” she said.
According to the Chairman of the Commission on social policy of the Public chamber of the Russian Federation, the RSSU rector Natalia Pochinok, 43 in the region where similar programs are being implemented, is very small. She believes that rules and standards support for foster families for the elderly and disabled should be developed at the Federal level.